Health. Inspiration. Friendship.
Chess is played on a board which consists of 64 spaces split into 32 ‘dark’ and 32 ‘light’ spaces. The two sets of pieces are also divided into the two colours. Each player has 16 pieces which are split into eight pawns, two knights, two bishops, two rooks (castles), one queen and one king. These pieces are laid out in the same way every game. Every official game always starts with the person controlling the white pieces moving first, and continues with alternative moves.
While variations of the game have been around for thousands of years, the game as we know it today has only been around since the 15th century. Originally, the game came from an Indian game known as Shatranj, an Indian game invented in the 3rd century.
- The longest game of chess that is theoretically possible is 5,949 moves
- The first chessboard with alternating light and dark squares (as it appears today) was made in Europe in 1090
- The word "Checkmate" in Chess comes from the Persian phrase "Shah Mat" which means "the King is dead"