Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is located in the western part of Central Asia. The country extends 1100 km from west to east and 650 km from north to south.

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Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is located in the western part of Central Asia. The country extends 1100 km from west to east and 650 km from north to south. The area of Turkmenistan is 488,000km². In the south Turkmenistan borders with Iran and Afghanistan, with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in the north, and with the Caspian Sea in the East. Over 80 percent of Turkmenistan’s territory is covered by the Karakum desert, which mainly spreads across the center of the country. Approximately 15 percent of the territory of Turkmenistan is occupied by hills and mountains. The highest peak in the country i...

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Ashgabat

Ashgabat is the capital of Turkmenistan and the largest administrative, political, transport, trade, scientific and cultural center of the country. The city's name comes from the words "Ashk" – love and "abad"- city, giving it the name "city of love". Ashgabat is located in the south of Turkmenistan, 25km north of the border with Iran from which it is separated by Kopetdag mountains, while on the other side the city borders with the Karakum desert. Settlements on the territory of modern Ashgabat date back to the Neolithic era, around 6000 BC. Th...

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Culture

Turkmen culture has a multi-millenary history. National art developed through history from people’s creativity and the preservation of traditions by artisans such as jewelers, potters, blacksmiths, weavers, builders and carpenters. Like a colorful carpet fabric woven from the patterns of national creativity, inspiration and imagination, modern national culture has absorbed the best of the rich historical, literary, musical and artistic heritage. Folklore, crafts, customs and traditions are at the base of the Turkmen culture and are being absorbed by the  positive changes and tren...

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History

Turkmenistan has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. In medieval times, Merv was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road, a caravan route used for trade with China until the mid-15th century. In Turkmenistan there are over two thousand historical and cultural sites. These include open-air museums that are testimony to ancient settlements such as Old Nisa, Kunya Urgench, Atamyrat, Ancient Dehistan, Old Sarakhs, Abiverd and Geoktepe fortress. All of them have become a place of cultural pilgrimage for many...

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