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Muay is a combat sport of Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques. This physical and mental discipline which includes combat on shins is known as "the art of eight limbs" because it is characterized by the combined use of fists, elbows, knees, shins, being associated with a good physical preparation that makes a full-contact fighter very efficient. The eight strikes used in competition meant to simulate the weapons of war – the punches, swords, elbows, hammers, kicks, spears, and the knees, sharp daggers. Likewise, the blocks using forearms and shins were meant to act as armour.
Muay boxers wear headband and armbands, known as Mongkol and Pra Jiad before the match begins. Mongkol literally translates to holy spirit, luck, and protection and is worn as a tribute to the country that the Muay fighter representing.
- One of the unique features in Thai boxing is the music, which is known as the “Sarama”. It is played before and during the combat session
- While Muay fighters now wear padded gloves similar to small boxing gloves, in the past, they only wore hemp ropes and threads or cotton wrapped around the hands and forearms as protection